Rural education in India
Around 70% of the Indian population is currently residing in rural areas. So the topic, Rural education in India has extreme significance. The most important problem India currently facing in the academic industry is that most of the academic innovations are only aimed to improve urban education while rural education is neglected. As a result of this, the quality of education is extremely poor in rural schools. According to a survey conducted by ASER, an autonomous assessment, survey, evaluation, and research unit. It is estimated that the number of rural students attending schools is rising, but more than half of the students in fifth grade are unable to read a second standard textbook and are not able to solve simple arithmetic problems. Though the survey says the number of students is rising, we can see that many of the parents refuses their children to attend a rural public school. Lets now see why is this happening and what are the challenges that education faces in rural India.
Challenges of education in rural India
Non Permanence of teaching staffs
Many Teachers are not willing to teach in rural areas because of the inadequate infrastructure and difficulty to reach the school. Due to this reason, government mostly appoint non permanent teachers in rural schools. The non-permanent staffs are mostly lacking the desired skills for quality teaching. They are under-payed also which will that may further reduce the quality of education.
Lack of proper transportation
The poor road connectivity in the remote rural villages is one of the main issues that teachers and students are facing. It may require hours of walk to reach schools.
Lack of basic infrastructure
Most of the schools do not have proper buildings, classrooms, teaching equipment, playgrounds and even toilets. The lack of necessary infrastructure is holding back students and teachers to attend the school. On top of this many schools do not have any digital infrastructures. This is really affecting the quality of education in rural areas.
Low level of awareness
People in remote rural areas don’t give enough mind to the education of their children. An educated urban household would look after everything the child does, check every letter of their notebooks. On the other hand, in remote villages people neglecting the schools’ fees in spite of having the resources. Most of the parents are not well educated, scarcely beyond 12th or graduation. For example, an exam would be taken less seriously here. People generally don’t bother with higher education for girls.
Lack of political will
No politician or anyone has come up with a good idea to improve the situation. No doubt the Midday Meal Scheme has improved the enrollment of students(and their health too), but again the real issue here is quality education where it doesn’t help. The students will drop out once the come off age when they earn more than what is fed in school. Apart from that improving primary education in rural India hardly finds space in any political manifesto.
How to improve Rural education in India?
The first and foremost thing is to train each recently appointed non-permanent teachers. The expert teachers can understand student psychology, and they will be able to handle and improve their students better. Therefore, training the teachers should be the first step to ensure that the most fundamental requirement can be met.
Most of the students and teachers opt out going to schools because of the difficulty getting in there. The rural areas lack the basic railroad connectives which makes the traveling a strenuous process. The improvements in railroad connectives in rural areas will, of course, improve the education systems.
Proper toilets and sanitation
Everyone knows that the saying ‘A sound mind in a sound body’ Proper toilets and sanitation is an essential requirement in every school. The availability of proper toilets for girls and boys will alone help to increase the number of students in schools.